Characteristics

Rodents (from Latin rodere, "to gnaw") are mammals of the order Rodentia, which are characterized by a single pair of  growing incisors in each of the upper and lower jaws.

Mouse – Mus musculus

It is small and brown gray in color. It has pointed muzzle and thin tail. It lives in all levels of the building, and climbs readily. It can survive for 15-18 months.                                                   

Roof Rat – Rattus rattus

It is lighter in weight and smaller than the Norway rat. It is brown with white belly, has pointed muzzle and thin tail. It has large and translucent ears. It inhabits buildings and is usually found in the attics. It is a good climber.

Norway Rat – Rattus norveqicus

This is the brown, house rat, sometimes called sewer or wharf rat. It is gray brown with pale belly, has small and hairy ears, thick tail, and blunt muzzle. It is a ground dweller and excellent swimmer, and can live for 6 to 12 months. 

Injury/Damage

Rodents damage property by gnawing into walls, doors, furniture, boxes, etc.

Rodents cause heavy losses in farms. They are known to kill chicks, feed on eggs, and consume feeds intended for livestock.

Since rodents eat all sorts of food, their feces in many instances have been found to contain Salmonella, a food poisoning organism.

Rodents are carriers of diseases that can be transmitted to man like bubonic plague, pneumonic plague, and infectious jaundice (well’s disease), rat bite fever, etc.

Management

Prevention

Sanitation and exclusion through sealing possible entry points are the best ways of preventing rodent infestation. Aside from these are less costly, they have been proven to be more effective means of preventing rodents form entering the property.

Sanitation

 - Keep garbage and refuse tightly covered in metal containers.

-  Store food in rat proof building, room, or container.

 - Eliminate animal manure as this also serves as attractant.

Exclusion

- Keep doors closed

- Install mesh wires.

- Close openings/holes with concrete or metal sheets.

BOAZ Pest Control Services Mosquito Control Programs

Five-phase Rodent Control Programs starts on:

1. Inspection and Survey. 
2. Sanitation.

3. Exclusion

4. Combination of Non-chemical and Chemical Methods

5. Monitoring